Fotografía de la portada del blog de redta-ec donde se observa un manual de lengua de señas para el personal de establecimientos hoteleros

Are all sign languages the same?

Latin American Comparison of Sign Languages / Signs

Sign language is not a universal language. The World Federation of Deaf People points out that there are more than 300 sign languages in the world, a complement to almost seven thousand oral languages, including for example the English or Spanish language.

Infografía en donde se explica que: Alrededor de 1 billon de personas en el mundo viven con discapacidades. De ellos, casi 275 millones tienen discapacidad auditiva. Y 5 millones conviven con una sordera profunda.

Why is there no universal sign language? Myths to tear down:

  • There is a sign language for each oral language. There are no known cases where sign language has developed in parallel to the spoken language of the locality where it originated.
  • They are signs and gestures. Being a language and like any other, it corresponds to a cultural system, which denotes the identity of the deaf community.
  • The same sign is used anywhere in the world. Since sign languages ​​have evolved according to the needs of each culture, therefore they vary from community to community. Therefore, it is not the same sign to define “food” if you are in Japan and use chopsticks, than if you are in Ecuador and use a spoon.
  • Sign language is only for deaf people. There are several communities that use sign languages ​​that do not necessarily have any type of disability. An important case is that of the HOPAS (hearing children of deaf parents), for whom the mother tongue is the sign language and not Spanish or their local oral language. Or so also sign language interpreters and students of it.
  • Sign language is equivalent to Spanish (or local oral language). It is important to take into account that people who have the sign language as their mother tongue when writing do not use Spanish naturally. This is because the sign language like the rest of languages ​​has its own system and particular structures.
  • Use lip reading on sign language. Finally, it is important to remember that in 2008 the sign language in the Constitution was legally recognized in Ecuador. For this reason, and being an official language, it is important to prevail the communication in sign language (in Ecuador abbreviated LSEC) over oralism; pointing rather to a bilingual bilingual development, understanding that this is part of the identity of deaf people.
Infografía de un mapa de Europa mostrando el número de personas sordas que usan la Lengua de Signos en Europa..

Infographic of the number of deaf people who use Sign Language in Europe. Source: Visualfy

Comparison of the fingerprint alphabet of different countries

Finger spelling is the process of spelling words using hand shapes that correspond to the letters of the word. A set of these forms used to spell words is known as a fingerprint alphabet or “manual alphabet.” There are many different manual alphabets around the world.

Spelling properly is a very basic and useful language competence when communicating in sign language. Here is a sample of the alphabets of the countries that emit tourism to Ecuador (2018).

Infografía: Ecuador tuvo una balanza positiva de US$ 1.330 millones en 2018

Fuente: hosteltur.com https://www.hosteltur.com/lat/126704_ecuador-tuvo-una-balanza-positiva-de-us-1330-millones-en-2018.html

Plan your trip using an “accessibility chain”

Access is a chain of events that begins with the decision to visit and ends with the safe return home of the visitor.

Fuente:
https://www.sensorytrust.org.uk/information/factsheets/planning-your-inclusive-communication.html

The Access Chain describes access as it is experienced from a visitor’s perspective. It prompts you to think about what information they need at each step, by whom and how it is best delivered. Ideally, improvements to each link in the chain will be made concurrently, but alternatively it can help you work out the apporpriate phasing of work. For example, there is little point in investing in pre-visit information until there is adequate information on site to support a successful visit.

En esta imagen se puede observar el pleno de una comisión de la Asamblea Nacional, donde el presidente de la Red de Turismo Accesible Ecuador expone las necesidades vigentes en Ecuador.

Actions in favor of International Disability Day

We celebrated this December 3rd; working on a paper before the National Assembly commission that deals with the revision to the new Organic Law of Land Transport and Road Safety, The denial of the Operation Permit to our project: ACCESSIBLE AND INCLUSIVE TOURIST TRANSPORTATION NETWORK OF ECUADOR. (RED-TTAIE Cia. Ltda.): It has been in the National Transit Agency (ANT) for two years and there was no positive response despite being aware of state institutions such as MINTUR.

It is an important project to complete the value chain for tourism services that; as leaders in Operation and advice in ACCESSIBLE AND INCLUSIVE TOURISM – REDTAEC CIA. LTDA We have trained for national travelers in international among them for (PMRs) People with Reduced Mobility and their companions.

Contradicting in this way the government discourse that the state unconditionally supports entrepreneurs, something that we deny at the moment. That is why we said the new Law must urgently and diligently contemplate these deficiencies in accessible and dignified mobility of citizens in general.

We also contacted some assembly members to socialize our work and project (RED-TTAIE). Minutes later we attended the second parliamentary session to listen to our friend and consultant Sandra Esparza her speech motivated by the INTERNATIONAL DAY of PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES from her specialty in UNIVERSAL ACCESSIBILITY, before the Assembly prior to the adoption of the resolution BE DECLARED IN ALL THE NATIONAL TERRITORY “NOVEMBER MONTH OF ACCESSIBILITY”.

And closing the day with an interview on RADIO VISION with the journalist ANDRES LOPEZ and sharing the panel with a great friend and companion with visual impairment Erik Caicedo.